Still functioning and still in widespread use is the Usenet Newsserver which is also one of the oldest computer communications systems network. Usenet was formed in the late 70’s and was publically established in the late 80’s, which is almost a decade ago before the web was developed world wide, and the public obtained access to the web. UUCP was used as a means to transport protocol such as file transfers and mail offer and announcements. This was done by using “A” news software.
Any articles that were posted by users to Usenet were organized into categories such as newsgroups which in turn are then logically organized into different groups of subjects. For instance medicine and diseases would fall into the category of science. When users join a newsgroup, the software will keep track of the articles that are read by the user. The majority of articles in most of the newsgroups correspond to other such articles.
For instance a set of articles in the same category can be traced to a single non reply article and this is known as a thread. Articles nowadays are arranged into threads and then sub-threads by most newsreaders. And they way in which Usenet Newsserver works is that when an article is posted, it is initially only available on the user’s news server. However, this news server communicates with other servers and begins news feeding as well as exchanging articles with these other servers.
If all goes according to plan the articles will be copied from one server to another and will eventually reach ever server on the internet. A similar principal is used whereby networks operate peer to peer. However, when it comes to Usenet, it is the sender and not the receiver who delegates the transfers. It has now been noted due to the high speed network that Usenet is an inefficient protocol.
Initially Usenet was designed for much slower networks. The original Usenet would only connect and batch transfer messages out and in twice daily. However, due to the popular cultural importance and widely recognized terms and concepts such as spam and FAQ Usenet has rapidly developed and networked globally. There is a similarity in the Usenet transmission and format which is almost the same as email messages.
The difference between the two is that
can be viewed and read by any user who news server has a group to which the message was posted. An email message goes to one or more specific recipients. So as you can see there is a similarity. The importance of Usenet is not as important nowadays due to mailing lists, forums and blogs.
The only advantage now is that Usenet Newsserver does not need registration where groups are concerned. Articles are archived and are continuously available and information does not need to be stored on a remote server, and reading messages requires news clients. At present there are many service providers which operate usenet newsserver for their users to access.